Until the middle of the twentieth century Bueckelte was a typical farmering community. The village consisted of estates of three sole heirs and a changing number of partial heirs. A plaited wooden fence with seven gates surrounded the whole village. It allowed the farmers to let their cattle walk around freely. Large pastures, meadows and forests in the environment ensured productive pasture farming. According to an announcement of Stephan von Duethe 105 cows, 210 sheep and 14 pigs were robbed in Bueckelte during the Tecklenburger feud in 1365. Ernst Giese found old farmland covered by a 1.30 m layer of fertilizers and thereby proved very early agriculture. A register documenting the tributes of the farmers in Corvey documents that a Bueckelter farmer had to contribute 20 bushels of rye and 3 bushels of oat. Later (after Erich Riebartsch) Bueckelter farmers had to deliver around 5,600 kg of rye per year. From 1463 to 1720 ten percent of the harvest had to be paid to the knights of Kreyenborg and later to the pauper relief Haseluenne.

While the river Hase still builds a natural settlement border in the north, farmland continually expanded to the south. Extensive clearings in the jungle Osterbrock were a result of the settlements in the Hase valley. They left behind large areas of heathland. Twelve surrounding villages and the city of Meppen jointly used a lonesome place with meadows and peat cutting possibilities. The land was damaged and silt up because the herds grew steadily. The wind formed dunes out of the sand and threatened to cover the fields. Therefore, the government decided to build a dam by planting firs. However, the farmers feared to loose their sheep and tried to boycott these measures. Before planting the fir seeds, they cooked them in order to prevent germination. Furthermore, they did not hinder their sheep to eat already growing trees. Finally, the inhabitants of Bueckelte together with some neighbouring villages, handed over a sand area of 422 hectares to duke Engelbert von Arenberg. The city of Haseluenne added 415 hectares. The duke planted on this land the forest "Engelbertswald" from 1872 to 1875. During a general land distribution in 1835 Bueckelte received an area of 122 hectares. The creation of forests and the use of artificial fertilizers led to the abolishment of the sheep herds and to an agricultural usage of the fields. As a result of financial aid of the province and the creation of new roads and drainage lines the residential area "Bueckelter Feld" developed in 1930. Further forestation, improvements in infrastructure and new cultivation forms led to the following land distribution in Bueckelte:

 

1871

1963

Fields 119 ha = 13,5 %

182 ha

= 24,6 %
Meadows 50 ha = 5,6 %

4 ha

= 0,5 %
Pasture/Heathland 598 ha = 67,2 %

229 ha

= 30,9 %
Others 2 ha = 0,2 %

5 ha

= 0,5 %
Agricultural area 769 ha = 86,5 %

420 ha

= 56,6 %
Forest 74 ha = 8,4 %

227 ha

= 30,6 %
Others 47 ha = 5,1 %

96 ha

= 12,8 %
Total  890 ha = 100 %

744ha

 
Agricultural improvements and growing industries in nearby cities led to a significant change in the village's population in the
second half of the twentieth century. While almost all inhabitants worked in the agricultural sector before the Second World War, more and more found a job outside the village afterwards. These commuters settled down in the surroundings of the village. They are one reason for Bueckelte development from a pure farming community to an industrial society.

Veranstaltungskalender

Veranstaltungskalender

calendar

 

 

Stadt Haselünne | Rathausplatz 1 | 49740 Haselünne | Tel.: 05961/509-0 | EMail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Öffnungszeiten der Verwaltung

2015 by HoGa Webdesign
Go to top